Selenium click button method, although, is one of the most basic drills, it is often used inefficiently. even experienced tester seems to miss out on the entire implementation of the click method is Selenium. They become invade with writing complex screen scenarios and forget that sometimes, a random click in the UI of a web lotion, can lead to a hemipterous insect. This is why, today, I will be talking about different ways in which you can make habit of Selenium.click ( ) command to help you perform test automation in a fast and better manner .
In this article, I will cover Selenium.click ( ) in great detail. We will automate from basic to advanced interactions through the click .
If you ’ re new to Selenium and wondering what it is then we recommend checking out our lead – What is Selenium ?
If you are an have automation examiner, you can skip the basic operations and head out to the advanced mouse operations. For beginners, we will start with a basic insertion of Selenium testing. Without further bustle, let ’ s become !
What Is Selenium?
selenium is one of the most popular automation testing frameworks. Being a release, and open-source framework has made it a popular choice among the ball-shaped examiner community for automating the vane testing experience. Selenium automation testing offers confirm for multiple program languages and browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer, etc. making it a perfect option to perform automated intersect browser testing. Its popularity as an open-source has helped it to deliver compatibility across numerous test automation frameworks besides ! Let us have a quick and basic run down .
selenium has 4 variants :
- Selenium IDE(Integrated Development Environment) – It is a framework which is used to automate web application only. it is a record and playback combination tool which is used to automate web app in Firefox and Chrome browser.
- Selenium RC(Remote Control) – Selenium Remote control is also called selenium 1.0. It supports all browsers but we need to start the server first if we use selenium RC. its execution is slower. It does not support HTTP protocol.
- Selenium WebDriver – Selenium webdriver is a webpage automation tool.while is used to automation web page only. There isn’t any need for a server to work with Selenium WebDriver. Its directly connect to browsers using driver.
- Selenium Grid – Selenium Grid is a combination of webdriver client library and RC(Remote Control) library. we use selenium Grid to execute the program in the remote control.
selenium Webdriver besides supports a headless browser like PhantomJS. meanwhile, Selenium WebDriver has some disadvantages besides like WebDriver can not automate captcha. Using Selenium WebDriver for bet on and sound recording & television test is not potential. The biggest defect for Selenium WebDriver lies with its manner of test execution. Selenium WebDriver allows serial murder of test cases which makes it a small trouble oneself for complex and large web-applications or test cortege as it can take quite a while to validate sufficient examination coverage .
As a solution, the Selenium Grid was introduced to allow testers to perform parallel testing with Selenium. today, where automation examination is on the raise, Selenium plays a crucial character in helping startup & big enterprises into-market plunge .
For a more detail remainder between these 4 selenium variants, refer to our Selenium WebDriver tutorial .
What Is Selenium ‘.click()’?
selenium offers a ‘.click()’ method to help you perform versatile mouse-based operations for your web-application. You can use the Selenium chatter push button method acting for respective purposes such as selecting the radio receiver button and checkbox or simply clicking on any clitoris or link, puff and drop, chink and contain, etc .
In the future section, I am going to demonstrate the practical execution of Selenium click button method acting in for basic operations, and promote operations. After that, I will besides show you how you can use CSS selectors with the Selenium .click method acting .
Basic Operations Using Selenium.Click()
Let ’ s depart with the basic operations that your do using the Selenium click clitoris method acting for automation testing. We will do thus with the help of Action class. Action class is an ability used to handle any mouse mathematical process with the Selenium click button method acting. It comes as an in-built ability for Selenium automation testing. You can besides leverage carry through class for keyboard interactions .
Performing Mouse Click/Left Click In Selenium Testing
The most basic operation using a Selenium click push button method is a left-click or a mouse click .
Test Scenario: Visit LambdaTest Homepage and suction stop on the Login button .
case code for the examination scenario :
You can besides use the Selenium .click ( ) button for enabling/disabling checkboxes, radio buttons .
Test Scenario 2: After you click on the LambdaTest Login release, tick the checkbox for “ Remember me ” .
Note: To confirm whether a checkbox or a radio receiver button is selected or not, we make us of the
This documentation is for anyone who wants to stay ahead among professionals who are growing their career in Selenium automation test .
here ’ s a curtly glimpse of the Selenium 101 documentation from LambdaTest :
Performing Right Click In Selenium Testing
In some of the scenarios while Selenium automation test of a web page, you may need to automate mighty snap over a button, text, image or more .
Test Scenario: Go to LambdaTest Live and open the video in a fresh check .
Action class may be ineffective to automate this scenario as we are trying to open a right-click menu of the Google Chrome browser. Action course has few restrictions around the keyboard use, you can only declare modifier keys such as Shift, Ctrl, CapsLk, etc. using the actions class. however, you can use the Robot class to leverage keyboard inputs that are different from modifier keys .
We will be using the Robot course here to capture the elements of the right-click menu and perform a snap on one of those elements to automate using the Selenium pawl button method acting .
Performing Mouse Hover In Selenium Testing
Mouse hover is a vital part of any cross browser testing checklist. many times you want to check whether the style applied over a network component is supported in a consistent manner when accessed from different browsers or not ? You can besides use a mouse hover to verify a prompt message over a button .
Test Scenario: Visit LambdaTest Pricing and perform a sneak hover on the textbook
“What are parallel tests?”. After understanding what twin tests are picking a parallel screen value from the drop-down .
example Script for Test scenario :
Advanced Operations Using Selenium.Click()
With basic operations covered, we now step into performing promote operations using the Selenium snap button method acting .
Using Selenium Click Button with X,Y coordinate
We can use movebyOffset to perform a pawl anywhere on the page by feeding ( x, y ) coordinates to the WebDriver. You can even generate a click on blank portions of your web page ampere long as you are aware of the ( X, Y ) coordinates .
Test Scenario: Visit LambdaTest Homepage and find the ( x, yttrium ) coordinates for the release “ Start Free Testing ” .
In the above double, you can notice the X, Y coordinates specified under the highlighted “ Start Free Testing ” button .
Note: These ( x, Y ) coordinates will be unlike from one screen resolution and shield size to another .
Performing Double Click In Selenium Testing
Double click is an absolute must for Selenium automation testing be it for operation or automated browser testing. here is an case of how you can perform doubling suction stop using Selenium automation scripts .
Click And Hold Using Selenium Automation Testing
many times when you are performing automation testing with Selenium, you may come across a prerequisite where you would need to highlight a text, picture by clicking and holding the mouse. Let us take a scenario to automate this interaction.
Test Scenario: Visit JQuery UI Draggable Interface, perform a click and hold over the draggable box and then move using the outgrowth .
hera is the code to automate snap and halt, along with movebyoffset .
Performing Drag and Drop In Selenium Testing
slightly similar but slenderly different than Click and Hold, is the necessity for Drag and Drop. here, the home to drop after dragging is specifically big in the UI so you know where to place an element .
Test Scenario: Visit JQuery UI Droppable Interface, perform a click on the draggable box, and then drop it in the container box .
here is how you can automate the above-mentioned test scenario using the Selenium chatter button method .
Locators & Selenium Click
selenium locators allow you to locate a web element over a network page. There are 8 types of locators ( identifire ) in Selenium. Let ’ s see how you can perform a click in Selenium using different Locators .
Wherever an ID is specified in the HTML code for any web element, you can leverage that in your Selenium automation testing scripts to locate that particular web component. The ID of a web element would always be singular which makes it a very potent way to locate web elements automatically using Selenium automation testing. To automate clicks using an ID locator you would need to specify in your code as below .
Making The move With ID Locator In Selenium WebDriver
similarly, you can find the name of a world wide web chemical element by inspecting the HTML and use it to locate the web component using Selenium automation testing. To use the Selenium click release with Name locator, you need to address it in a alike way .
How To Use Name Locator In Selenium Automation Scripts ?
3. Class Name()
I rarely use the class name as an alternate to other locators in Selenium. Inspect a world wide web element, find its class name, and locate it using your selenium automation scripts .
Selenium Java Tutorial – Class Name Locator In Selenium
4. Tag Name()
Whenever there is a webelement with unique HTML tag we can use the TagName locator in Selenium automation testing. There can be many types of Unique HTML rag such as :
< a >
< img >
< h1 >
thus for model, if you have a alone Hyperlink TagName using the anchor tag then you can incorporate Selenium snap button interaction using the below code .
Locating Elements by TagName In Selenium
5. Link Text()
If there is a hyperlink with a singular HTML rag then we can make habit of the LinkText locator. here we specify the text over which a Hyperlink is triggered on a web page through a chink .
6. Partial Link Text()
You can specify the text for a hyperlink even partially and locate it using the fond Link Text locator. For model, if we wish to locate a world wide web element with a hyperlink that says Amazon then we can do then using the downstairs command .
Find Elements With Link Text & Partial Link Text In Selenium
7. CSS Selector()
A more cross browser compatible locator than Xpath is a CSS selector as a primary browser such as Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox are designed to optimize the murder time for a CSS picker .
Note: Whenever we use cesium selector or Xpath as a locator we should not use mandatary property because compulsory property will be the lapp for exchangeable kind of webelement so it is always recommended to go for extra attributes .
How Pro-Testers Use CSS Selectors In Selenium Automation Scripts ?
XPath is a locator that is used to locate the webelement based on the tag, property, text, etc. we can use Xpath for HTML angstrom well as for XML Docs .
Complete Guide For Using XPath In Selenium With Examples
Bonus: Random Links Using Click Method In Selenium
here is a aplomb point using which you can click on every hyperlink on a web page. Got tantalum suction stop em all !
Test Scenario: Visit LambdaTest Homepage and chatter on every hyperlink invoked through the anchor tag in HTML .
Below is a script which is generating a list of hyperlinks on the LambdaTest Homepage where the tagName is “ a ” which represents an anchor tag. After that, it would click on every liaison a single clock time, in random order. The handwriting would visit the first associate, go to the respective vane page and then will roll back to LambdaTest to visit the next connection and the cycle will go on till every associate is visited a single time .
Console output :
As you can see there were in total 47 hyperlinks that were accumulated by the trial automation scripts. They are visited one by one ! I will leave it for you to find a manner of incorporating this in your automated browser testing scripts .
Bonus: Java Loop Using Selenium Click Button Method
sometimes to reproduce a bug on a UI component, you may need to automate a loop to witness whether a bug was encountered in X number of trials. I am going to show you how to create a Java loop for the Selenium pawl button .
Test scenario : Login to the LambdaTest application. Go to the profile icon on top-right and snap to open the menu, then click to close it. Continue the drill for 75 clicks to see if any anomaly is encountered .
here is a record of the test execution :
Did We Click Some New Ideas?
By far, I hope you have a good understand of how herculean the Selenium .click ( ) button method acting can be and how you can leverage it. I hope the bonus tips were helpful for your daily automated browser testing scripts. Do you want to share a bonus tip excessively or a unique way in which you used the Selenium chink push button method acting ? If indeed, drop your thoughts in the remark part below ! happy testing ! 🙂
Aditya is a test automation fancier at LambdaTest who is constantly fascinated about raw testing frameworks and programming languages .
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