United States commemorative coins – Wikipedia

commemorative coins of the United States
The United States Mint has minted numerous commemorative coins to commemorate persons, places, events, and institutions since 1848. many of these coins are not intended for general circulation, but are calm legal tender. [ 1 ] The mint besides produces commemorative medals, which are alike to coins but do not have a face value, and therefore are not legal bid. [ 2 ]

history [edit ]

early commemoratives [edit ]

The earliest commemorative mint minted by the US Mint was the 1848 “ CAL ” quarter eagle, which commemorated the find of gold in California. [ 3 ] These coins were standard quarter eagles that were modified by punching CAL. onto the turn back above the eagle. Most standard US commemorative coin lists begin with the 1892 columbian half dollar commemorating the four-hundredth anniversary of Columbus ‘ voyage to America. The follow class, the columbian Exposition quarter dollar featuring Queen Isabella of Spain was issued. [ 4 ]

In 1915, the mint issued the Panama–Pacific half union, which had a face value of $ 50. This was the beginning time a commemorative coin was produced in a denomination that was not issued for circulation ( a half union coin was proposed, but was never released into circulation ). The coin was offered in both orotund and octangular versions, the latter being the entirely US coin that is not round. [ 5 ] In 1925, a commemorative 50-cent coin was released that showed Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. Money raised from the sale of the coins was combined with money raised by the United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial Association in order to fund the carve of a Confederate monument at Stone Mountain. [ 6 ] The 1926 United States Sesquicentennial one-half dollar was the second gear United States coin to feature a know person at the clock time of its mint. The obverse of the mint featured busts of George Washington and Calvin Coolidge. [ 7 ] ( The first was the 1921 Alabama Centennial half dollar, which showed a raid of then-Governor Thomas Kilby. ) coolidge remains the alone president of the united states depicted on neologism during his life. Starting in the 1930s, the US Mint was criticized for issuing commemorative coins of dubious recognition and apparently endless mint runs ( the Oregon Trail Memorial 50-cent piece was minted 8 years during a 14-year span ). Multiple unrelated commemoratives besides were minted in many years, diminishing the meaning of commemorative issues. In 1936 entirely 19 commemorative half dollars were minted, not including two half dollars that were date 1936 but were actually minted the take after class. Three commemorative half dollars were proposed for write out in 1954, but all were vetoed by president of the united states Dwight D. Eisenhower due to the miss of interest expressed by collectors, and the period of early commemoratives ended that year with the 1954 Carver-Washington half dollar. [ 8 ] [ 9 ]

modern commemoratives [edit ]

In 1982, the US Mint resumed its commemorative coin program with the George Washington 250th Anniversary half dollar. Unlike the original commemoratives, only a few coins are released each year and are more popular with collectors. [ 10 ] The Library of Congress eagle of 2000 was the first bi-metallic coin issued by the US Mint. [ 11 ] Later that year, the mint released a 1,000 Icelandic króna coin commemorating the 1,000th anniversary of Leif Ericson ‘s discovery of the Americas. This coin was struck on the same planchet as the eloquent dollar that besides commemorated the consequence. [ 12 ] The year 2017 marked the 225th anniversary of the US Mint. Although no traditional commemorative coins were issued for the affair, the mint did produce a $ 100 coin, a particular uncirculated mint set sport coins with an “ enhance ” finish, and a circulating penny featuring the P mint set. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ]

Circulating commemorative coins [edit ]

Circulating commemorative coins have been reasonably more strange in the United States. These are coins that are minted to commemorate a detail person, position, event, or institution, but are intended to enter general circulation. While several issues of commemorative half dollars were released into circulation after poor people sales, the first commemorative mint of the United States made specifically as a circulation issue was the 1921 Peace dollar. The mint was primitively intended to be produced for one year to commemorate the end of World War I, although the plan proved popular and continued to be produced until silver dollar production ended in 1935. [ 16 ] The adjacent design circulating commemorative mint was a one-half dollar to commemorate the two-hundredth anniversary of the give birth of George Washington. The coin was to have been struck for one class only in 1932, however, no circulating half dollars were struck from 1930 until 1934 ascribable to a lack of demand caused by the Great Depression. [ 17 ] The anniversary was rather commemorated with the Washington draw, which, like the Peace dollar, late became a regular issue coin. In 1975 and 1976, the Washington quarter was besides used to commemorate the United States Bicentennial with a circulating commemorative. The Kennedy half-dollar and Eisenhower dollar besides featured commemorative designs for circulation during these two years. All US Bicentennial commemoratives were dated 1776–1976, despite being produced throughout 1975–76. [ 18 ] More recently, the State Quarters program began in 1999 circulating five different commemoratives each year with reverses for each of the 50 States in the orderliness of their admission to the Union. In 2009, six quarters commemorating the District of Columbia, two commonwealths, and three territories were issued. [ 19 ] [ 20 ] In 2004–2005 the batch issued four commemorative Westward Journey nickel, celebrating the two-hundredth anniversaries of the Louisiana Purchase and the Corps of Discovery. The presidential dollar coins, the first of which was released in 2007, commemorate deceased presidents of the United States. The program ended in 2016 when the end eligible president, Ronald Reagan, was commemorated ( a George H. W. Bush mint was released in 2020 ). In 2009, four commemorative one cent pieces were issued to mark the bicentennial of the give birth of Abraham Lincoln. This class besides saw the secrete of the first native american dollar coin. Beginning in 2010 and continuing through 2021, a series of quarters, the America the Beautiful Quarters, was issued to recognize America ‘s National Parks, with five quarters issued per year. [ 21 ] After its completion, 23 years passed in which all quarters minted were commemorative. In 2018, the american english Innovation $ 1 Coin Program was launched. The platform will run from 2019–2032, commemorating an inventor or an invention from each state of matter and six territories. An introductory mint was released in 2018. These coins do not circulate as of 2019, as no dollar coins have been minted for circulation since 2012 due to a miss of demand. Should there be a need for more dollar coins before 2032, however, some american Innovation dollars may enter circulation .

Specifications of traditional commemorative coins [edit ]

quarter ( 25¢ ) [edit ]

Composition Diameter Total weight Years minted Example
Ag 90%, Cu 10% 24.3 mm (0.957 in) 6.25 g 1893

half dollar ( 50¢ ) [edit ]

Composition Diameter Total weight Years minted Example
Ag 90%, Cu 10% 30.61 mm (1.205 in) 12.50 g 1892–1954, 1982, 1993 Booker t washington half dollar 1946.jpg
Cu 92%, Ni 8% 11.34 g 1986–present
2014, 2019, 2020

dollar ( $ 1 ) [edit ]

Composition Diameter Total weight Years minted Example
Ag 90%, Cu 10% 38.1 mm (1.500 in) 26.73 g 1900, 1983–2018
90% Au, 10% Cu 15.0 mm (0.590 in) 1.672 g 1903–1922
Ag 99.9% 38.1 mm (1.500 in) 26.73 g 2019–present
76.2 mm (3.000 in) 155.517g 2019, 2020

quarter eagle ( $ 2.50 ) [edit ]

Composition Diameter Total weight Years minted Example
Au 90%, Cu 10% 18.0 mm (0.709 in) 4.18 g 1848, 1915, 1926

half eagle ( $ 5 ) [edit ]

Composition Diameter Total weight Years minted Example
Au 90%, Ag 6%, Cu 4% 21.59 mm (0.850 in) 8.539 g 1986–present
Au 85%, Cu 14.8%, Zn .2% 21.59 mm (0.850 in) 7.931 g 2018

Eagle ( $ 10 ) [edit ]

Composition Diameter Total weight Years minted Example
Au 90%, Ag 6%, Cu 4% 26.92 mm (1.060 in) 16.718 g 1984, 2003
Au 48%, Pt 48%, Alloy 4% 26.92 mm (1.060 in) 16.259 g 2000
Au 99.99% 26.49 mm (1.043 in) 14.175g 2007-2016, 2020

Half union ( $ 50 ) [edit ]

Composition Diameter Total weight Years minted Example
Au 90%, Cu 10% 50.8 mm (2.000 in) 83.55 g 1915
44.9 mm (1.77 in) 75.54 g

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

bibliography [edit ]

  • Bowers, Q. David (2006). A Guide Book of Washington and State Quarters. Atlanta, Ga.: Whitman Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7948-2059-6.

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