Quarter (United States coin) – Wikipedia

current appellation of United States currency

The quarter, short for quarter dollar, is a United States coin worth 25 cents, one-fourth of a dollar. The mint sports the profile of George Washington on its obverse, and after 1998 its inverse blueprint has changed frequently. It has been produced on and off since 1796 and systematically since 1831. [ 1 ] It has a diameter of 0.955 edge ( 24.26 millimeter ) and a thickness of 0.069 column inch ( 1.75 millimeter ). Its current translation is composed of two layers of cupronickel ( 75 % copper, 25 % nickel ) invest on a effect of pure copper. [ 2 ] With the cupronickel layers comprising 1/3 of full weight, the coin ‘s overall writing is therefore 8.33 % nickel, 91.67 % copper. Its weight is 5.670 grams ( 0.1823 troy oz, or 0.2000 avoirdupois oz ).

Designs before 1932 [edit ]

The choice of a quarter-dollar as a denomination—as opposed to the 1⁄5 more common elsewhere—originated with the drill of dividing spanish mill dollars into eight cuneate segments, which gave wax to the name “ piece of eight ” for that coin. [ 3 ] “ Two bits “ ( that is, two eighths of a piece of eight ) is a common dub for a quarter. From 1796 the quarter was minted with 6.739 g of 89.24 % very well silver ( 6.014 gigabyte finely silver ), revised to 90 % fine silver from 1838 to 1964. It weighed 6.682 gigabyte from 1838, 6.22 deoxyguanosine monophosphate from 1853, and 6.25 thousand from 1873 to 1964. Six designs, five regular and one commemorative, have been issued until 1930 :

Washington quarter [edit ]

The original adaptation of the Washington quarter issued from 1932 to 1998 was designed by sculptor John Flanagan. The obverse depicted George Washington confront left, with “ Liberty ” above the head, the date below, and “ In God We Trust “ in the left field field. The reverse depicted an eagle with wings outspread perches on a package of arrows framed below by two olive branches. It was minted in 6.25 g of 90 % very well silver medal until 1964, when rising silver prices forced the transfer into the contemporary cupronickel-clad-copper composition, which was besides called the “ Johnson Sandwich ” after then-president Lyndon B. Johnson. [ 13 ] As of 2011, it cost 11.14 cents to produce each mint. [ 14 ] regular return Washington quarters :
commemorative and bullion exit Washington quarters :

US states and territories quarters, 1999–2009 [edit ]

In 1999, the 50 State quarters course of study of circulating commemorative quarters began. These have a modified Washington obverse and a different rearward for each state, ending the erstwhile Washington one-fourth ‘s output completely. [ 17 ] On January 23, 2007, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 392 extending the express one-fourth broadcast one year to 2009, to include the District of Columbia and the five inhabited united states territories : Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The bill passed through the Senate, and was signed into legislation by President George W. Bush as function of Pub.L. 110–161 : the Consolidated Appropriations Act ( text ) ( PDF ), on December 27, 2007. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] The font used in the express quarter series varies a bit from one state to another, but is generally derived from Albertus. [ citation needed ]

America the Beautiful quarters, 2010–2021 [edit ]

On June 4, 2008, a bill titled America’s Beautiful National Parks Quarter Dollar Coin Act of 2008, H.R. 6184, was introduced to the House of Representatives. On December 23, 2008, President Bush signed the bill into law as Pub.L. 110–456 ( textbook ) ( PDF ). The America the Beautiful quarters course of study began in 2010 and ended in 2021, lasting 12 years. [ 20 ]

2021 : return of the original obverse, fresh legislation [edit ]

Following the ending of the National Parks quarter series in 2021, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin had the option of ordering a second base round of 56 national park quarters, but did not do so by the conclusion of 2018 as required in the 2008 legislation.

The draw ‘s design for 2021 therefore reverted to Flanagan ‘s original obverse design, paired with a newly reverse rendition of Washington crossing the Delaware River on the night of December 25, 1776. In October 2019, the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee ( CCAC ) met to consider designs, with the final examination choice made by Mnuchin. On December 25, 2020, the Mint announced the successful design, by Benjamin Sowards as sculpted by Michael Gaudioso. This quarter was released into circulation on April 5, 2021, and would be minted until the end of 2021. [ 22 ] The Circulating Collectible Coin Redesign Act of 2020 ( Pub.L. 116–330 ( text ) ( PDF ) ) established three new series of quarters for the following ten. From 2022 to 2025, the Mint may produce up to five coins each year featuring big american women, with a modern obverse invention of Washington. In 2026, there will be up to five designs representing the United States Semiquincentennial. From 2027 to 2030, the Mint may produce up to five coins each year featuring youth sports. The obverse will besides be redesigned in 2027, and even after 2030 is placid to depict Washington. [ 23 ]

american Women Quarters [edit ]

The american Women Quarters Program will issue up to five new invert designs each class from 2022 to 2025 featuring the accomplishments and contributions made in diverse fields by women to american history and development. The obverse features Laura Gardin Fraser ‘s portrayal of George Washington in the first place intended for the first base Washington draw in 1932. [ 24 ]

Collecting eloquent Washington quarters [edit ]

The “ silver series ” of Washington quarters spans from 1932 to 1964 ; during many years in the series it will appear that sealed mints did not mint Washington quarters for that class. No know examples of quarters were made in 1933, San Francisco abstained in 1934 and 1949, and stopped after 1955, until it resumed in 1968 by way of making proofread. Denver did not make quarters in 1938. Proof examples from 1936 to 1942 and 1950 to 1967 were struck at the Philadelphia Mint ; in 1968, proofread production was shifted to the San Francisco Mint. The stream rarities for the Washington stern “ silver series ” are : branch mintmarks are D = Denver, S = San Francisco. Coins without mintmarks were all made at the main Mint in Philadelphia. This list is for occupation strikes, not proof :

  • 1932-D
  • 1932-S
  • 1934 – with Doubled Die Obverse (DDO)
  • 1935-D
  • 1936-D
  • 1937 – with Doubled Die Obverse (DDO)
  • 1937-S
  • 1938-S
  • 1939-S
  • 1940-D
  • 1942-D – with Doubled Die Obverse (DDO)
  • 1943 – with Doubled Die Obverse (DDO)
  • 1943-S – with Doubled Die Obverse (DDO)
  • 1950-D/S Over mintmark (coin is a 1950-D, with underlying S mintmark)
  • 1950-S/D Over mintmark (coin is a 1950-S, with underlying D mintmark)

The 1940-D, 1936-D and the 1935-D coins, adenine well as many others in the series, are well more valuable than other quarters. This is not due to their mintages, but rather because they are harder to find in senior high school grades ( a site referred to as “ condition rarity ” ). many of these coins are worth alone fade value in broken grades. other coins in the above list are expensive because of their highly moo mintages, such as the 1932 Denver and San Francisco issues. The overstruck mintmark issues are besides scarce and expensive, specially in the higher grades ; even so they may not have the like popularity as overdates found in pre-Washington stern series. The 1934 Philadelphia come to appears in two versions : one with a light motto [ for “ In God We Trust ” ], which is the same as that used on the 1932 strikings, and the other a heavy motto seen after the dies were reworked. Except in the highest grades, the dispute in value between the two is minor. The mint mark on the mint is located on the reverse beneath the wreath on which the eagle is perched, and will either carry the mint mark “ D ” for the Denver Mint, “ S ” for the San Francisco Mint, or be blank if minted at the Philadelphia Mint .

Collecting clothed Washington quarters [edit ]

The copper-nickel clad Washington quarter was first issued in 1965 and as part of the switch over, the Denver mintmark was added in 1968, which did not reappear on any US mint denomination until 1968. For the first three years of invest production, in stead of proof sets, specimen sets were particularly sold as “ especial Mint Sets ” minted at the San Francisco mint in 1965, 1966, and 1967 ( Deep Cameo versions of these coins are highly valued because of their rarity ). presently, there are few examples in the invest series that are valued vitamin a highly as the silver series but there are certain extraordinary dates or variations. The abstruse cameo versions of proof from 1965 to 1971 and 1981 type 2 are highly valued because of their scarcity, high grade examples of quarters from certain years of the 1980s ( such as 1981–1987 ) because of scarcity in high grades due to high circulation and in 1982 and 1983 no mint sets were produced making it harder to find mint state examples, and any coin from 1981–1994 graded in MS67 is worth upwards of $ 1000. The batch scar on the mint is presently located on the obverse at the bottom correct hemisphere under the supposed date. In 1965–1967 cupro-nickel coins bore no mint distinguish ; quarters minted in 1968–1979 were stamped with a “ D ” for the Denver mint, an “ S ” for the San Francisco mint ( proof coins entirely ), or blank for Philadelphia. Starting in 1980, the Philadelphia mint was allowed to add its mint mark to all coins except the one-cent assemble. Twenty-five-cent pieces minted from 1980 onwards are stamped with “ P ” for the Philadelphia mint, “ D ” for the Denver mint, or “ S ” for San Francisco mint. Until 2012 the “ S ” mint punctuate was used alone on proof coins, but beginning with the El Yunque ( Puerto Rico ) design in the America the Beautiful quarters program, the US Mint began selling ( at a bounty ) uncirculated 40-coin rolls and 100-coin bags of quarters with the San Francisco mint distinguish. These coins were not included in the 2012 or former uncirculated sets or the three-coin ATB one-fourth sets ( which consisted of an uncirculated “ P ” and “ D ” and proof “ S ” specimen ) and no “ S ” mint-marked quarters are being released into circulation, so that mintages will be determined entirely by direct requirement for the “ S ” mint-marked coins. In 2019, the West Point Mint released two million of each of the five designs that year with a “ W ” mint cross off for general circulation, in a move intended to spur mint collecting. [ 25 ] This was continued in 2020. [ 26 ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

Read more: Possum Magic Coins

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Category : Coin collecting

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