– From the day it first appeared in 1909, the Lincoln penny has been an highly popular coin. Newspapers heralded the acquittance of the new coin and the populace responded with unprecedented excitement. The mint represented a step into the modern age for circulating U.S. neologism .
The first coin to honor a great American leader
For more than a hundred years, America ‘s circulating mint designs had held to a custom of depicting representations of Liberty on the obverse. however, by the 1909 centennial of Abraham Lincoln ‘s birth, the idea of honoring an actual person had gained acceptance. so, the Lincoln penny became the foremost regular-issue U.S. coin to depict an actual person, quite than an allegorical number .
When the Lincoln penny was released in August 1909, no one was prepared for the grade of public demand. People formed long lines at banks and sub-treasury offices in their readiness to get the new coins. And, even though the distribution points limited the number available to each person, signs soon appeared to announce “ no more lincoln pennies. ”
Designer Victor David Brenner and his infamous initials
about every mint collector knows about the controversy surrounding the initials of Victor David Brenner, architect of the Lincoln penny. After the Lincoln cent ‘s debut, journalists seized upon his initials on the inverse – V.D.B. – as ego on the couturier ‘s share. The prominence of the initials was widely criticized in the media. so, just days after the coin ‘s release, production was halted and new coins, minus the V.D.B., were released .
Errors & varieties create collector excitement
Over the course of the last hundred, several have come out of the Lincoln penny serial. Collector favorites include the 1955 Doubled Die Obverse and the 1922 Plain penny ( struck at the Denver Mint without a mint cross off ). Large- and Small-Date varieties were issued in 1960, 1970 and 1982.
Reverse designs spanning more than a century
Brenner ‘s master invert design featured a simple, yet bold inscription of one penny, framed by two stylize ears of wheat. The “ Wheatie ” inverse was used through 1958. then, in 1959 for the hundred-and-fiftieth anniversary of Lincoln ‘s birth ( and the fiftieth anniversary of the Lincoln penny ) it was decided to redesign the turn back. The new design, used until 2009, featured the Lincoln Memorial.
In 2009, to celebrate both the bicentennial of Lincoln ‘s birth and 100 years of the Lincoln penny, the U.S. Mint issued four new revoke designs representing four major stages of the 16th president ‘s life. The singular reverses honored Lincoln ‘s birthplace, formative years, professional life and presidency. then, in 2010, a modern ongoing reversion was issued featuring the Union Shield .
Special mint mark issues
More recently, special mint marks have been adorning the Lincoln cent. In 2017, to honor the 225th anniversary of the U.S. Mint, the Philadelphia Mint struck cents with a “ P ” mint grade. This was a first – past Lincoln cents from Philadelphia bore no batch mark. And in 2019, in celebration of the hundred-and-tenth anniversary of the Lincoln cent, three unique, special-issue “ W ” mint punctuate cents were issued by the West Point Mint .
If you ‘d like to keep chase of your collection, we recommend using our handy online checklist. And, to teach the younger coevals more about the beloved Lincoln penny, we ‘ve created a lesson plan and collecting circuit board for you !