The apostle, after an exhortation to follow him, (1) corrects some abuses. (2-16) Also contentions, divisions, and disorderly celebrations of the Lord’s supper. (17-22) He reminds them of the nature and design of its institution. (23-26) And directs how to attend upon it in a due manner. (27-34)
Verse 1 The first verse of this chapter seems by rights to be the close to the last. The apostle not merely preached such doctrine as they ought to believe, but led such a life as they ought to live. Yet jesus being our perfect example, the actions and lead of men, as related in the Scriptures, should be followed only therefore far as they are like to his.
Verses 2-16 here begin particulars respecting the public assemblies, ( 1 Corinthians 14 ) the Corinthians, some abuses had crept in ; but as Christ did the will, and sought the respect of God, so the Christian should avow his subjugation to Christ, doing his will and seeking his glory. We should, flush in our trim and habit, debar every thing that may dishonour Christ. The woman was made subject to man, because made for his help and comfort. And she should do nothing, in christian assemblies, which looked like a claim of being equal. She ought to have “ power, ” that is, a head covering, on her head, because of the angels. Their bearing should keep Christians from all that is incorrect while in the worship of God. Nevertheless, the man and the woman were made for one another. They were to be reciprocal comforts and blessings, not one a slave, and the early a tyrant. God has thus settled matters, both in the kingdom of providence and that of grace, that the authority and conquest of each party should be for common avail and benefit. It was the park custom of the churches, for women to appear in public assemblies, and join in populace worship, veiled ; and it was right that they should do then. The christian religion sanctions national customs wherever these are not against the great principles of truth and holiness ; affect singularities receive no sanction from any thing in the Bible. Verses 17-22 The apostle rebukes the disorders in their partake of the Lord ‘s supper. The ordinances of Christ, if they do not make us better, will be apt to make us worse. If the use of them does not mend, it will harden. Upon coming in concert, they fell into divisions, schisms. Christians may separate from each other ‘s communion, so far be charitable one towards another ; they may continue in the same communion, yet be uncharitable. This last is schism, quite than the former. There is a careless and irregular corrode of the Lord ‘s supper, which adds to guilt. many ample Corinthians seem to have acted identical amiss at the Lord ‘s postpone, or at the love-feasts, which took space at the lapp time as the supper. The ample despised the poor, and corrode and drank up the provisions they brought, before the poor were allowed to partake ; thus some wanted, while others had more than adequate. What should have been a adhere of reciprocal beloved and affection, was made an instrument of discord and disunion. We should be careful that nothing in our demeanor at the Lord ‘s table, appears to make light of that consecrated institution. The Lord ‘s supper is not now made an occasion for gluttony or revel, but is it not much made the support of holier-than-thou pride, or a dissemble for hypocrisy ? Let us never rest in the outward forms of worship ; but look to our hearts. Verses 23-34 The apostle describes the sacred ordinance, of which he had the cognition by revelation from Christ. As to the visible signs, these are the bread and wine. What is eaten is called bread, though at the lapp time it is said to be the body of the Lord, plainly showing that the apostle did not mean that the bread was changed into human body. St. Matthew tells us, our Lord bid them all drink of the cup, ch. ( Matthew 26:27 ), as if he would, by this expression, provide against any believer being deprived of the cup. The things signified by these outward signs, are Christ ‘s soundbox and blood, his torso collapse, his lineage shed, together with all the benefits which flow from his death and sacrifice. Our Saviour ‘s actions were, taking the bread and cup, giving thanks, breaking the boodle, and giving both the one and the other. The actions of the communicants were, to take the bread and eat, to take the cup and toast, and to do both in remembrance of Christ. But the outward acts are not the solid, or the principal part, of what is to be done at this holy place ordination. Those who partake of it, are to take him as their Lord and Life, yield themselves up to him, and live upon him. here is an account of the ends of this ordination. It is to be done in remembrance of Christ, to keep fresh in our minds his dying for us, angstrom well as to remember Christ pleading for us, in virtue of his death, at God ‘s right field hand. It is not merely in memorial of Christ, of what he has done and suffered ; but to celebrate his decorate in our redemption. We declare his death to be our biography, the bounce of all our comforts and hopes. And we glory in such a resolution ; we show away his death, and plead it as our accept sacrifice and ransom. The Lord ‘s supper is not an ordination to be observed merely for a time, but to be continued. The apostle lays before the Corinthians the danger of receiving it with an inapplicable chasten of take care ; or keeping up the covenant with sine and death, while professing to renew and confirm the covenant with God. No doubt such receive big guilt, and so render themselves apt to spiritual judgements. But fearful believers should not be discouraged from attending at this holy place regulation. The Holy Spirit never caused this bible to be written to deter good Christians from their duty, though the satan has much made this use of it. The apostle was addressing Christians, and warning them to beware of the temporal judgements with which God chastised his offending servants. And in the midst of judgment, God remembers mercy : he many times punishes those whom he loves. It is better to bear disturb in this world, than to be miserable for ever. The apostle points our the duty of those who come to the Lord ‘s table. introspection is necessary to right attendance at this holy place regulation. If we would thoroughly search ourselves, to condemn and set right what we find amiss, we should stop Divine judgements. The apostle closes all with a caution against the irregularities of which the Corinthians were guilty at the Lord ‘s table. Let all look to it, that they do not come together to God ‘s worship, so as to provoke him, and bring down vengeance on themselves .